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As Machiavelli once said "Whoever wishes to foresee the future must consult the past; for human events ever resemble those of preceding times. This arises from the fact that they are produced by men who ever have been, and ever shall be, animated by the same passions, and thus they necessarily have the same results." It is these passions that we search for while delving into our history, a way of connecting to the great men and women who came before us. We reach back and learn from their mistakes and victories and gain a sense of belonging to the great cycle of life. For History Lovers is a place to explore our past and debate on the significance of major and minor historical events.

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Thursday, July 22, 2010

Who Were The Hashshashin?

Thursday, July 22, 2010
To the Crusaders they were the Assassins, a fearsome sect of skilled Muslims that were  capable of killing a man in broad daylight and escaping  unharmed, and to the powerful Abbasid Caliphate they were mad men who allowed Hashish to throw them into murderous rages. The Hashshashin were established in 1090 with the building of a fortress at Alamut by Hassan-i Sabbah who was known to his followers as the Old Man. At the beginning their primary objective  was to destroy the Abbasid Caliphate by quietly executing it's most powerful members, however, when the Crusaders arrived they tried to maintain a balance of power between their enemies. Like assassins today they became hit men, killing people for hire especially if it would be beneficial to their order.  The Hashshashin were a highly trained group of sleeper commandos due mostly because of their lack of numbers  and political support. They were incredibly intelligent with each member studying, trade, science, philosophy and several different languages. Because of this they were able to infiltrate their enemies ranks and kill or intimidate their target. Their most effective form of intimidation would be to leave a dagger on their targets pillow as they slept as a sign that they weren't even safe among their own men. The Hashshashin finally met their match in 1256 when after attacking several of their strongholds, the Mongol Empire besieged Alamut.

For more information on the Hashshashin check out:

http://crusades.suite101.com/article.cfm/the-hashshashin

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