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As Machiavelli once said "Whoever wishes to foresee the future must consult the past; for human events ever resemble those of preceding times. This arises from the fact that they are produced by men who ever have been, and ever shall be, animated by the same passions, and thus they necessarily have the same results." It is these passions that we search for while delving into our history, a way of connecting to the great men and women who came before us. We reach back and learn from their mistakes and victories and gain a sense of belonging to the great cycle of life. For History Lovers is a place to explore our past and debate on the significance of major and minor historical events.

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Tuesday, June 22, 2010

This Week in History June 21-27

Tuesday, June 22, 2010
  • JUNE 21, 1788- The United States Constitution was ratified thus making it law. The US Constitution is the oldest constitution still in use around the world today.
  • JUNE 22, 1986- Diego Maradona scores two goals for Argentina to lead his team to victory over England in the World Cup semi-finals. The first of those goals would become known as the "Hand of God" goal which the officials failed to see that it came off his hand. The second goal was named the best goal in World cup history in 2002.
  • JUNE 23, 1940- Adolf Hitler tours Paris, France. While in the French capital, Hitler visited Napoleon's tomb and even moved the French Emperor's son to lie beside his father. He also ordered the destruction of two war monuments, one to General Charles Mangin and one to British nurse, Edith Cavell.
  • JUNE 24, 1995- President Nelson Mandela cheers the South African Springboks to a Rugby World Cup win against the New Zealand All Blacks. The year before Mandela became the first president to be elected in a completely representational democratic election and had been attempting to bridge the gap between black and white South Africans after apartheid. Mandela's appearance at the tournament was regarded as the greatest moment in World Cup history in 2007.
  • JUNE 25, 1876- Lieutenant Colonel George Custer leads 200 men into battle against 3,000 Native Americans lead by Chief Crazy Horse and Chief Sitting Bull at the Battle of Little Bighorn (also known as Custer's Last Stand). Within an hour, Custer's battalion were completely wiped out with only one survivor, a horse named Comanche. The Battle of Little Bighorn would be the most decisive Native American victory in the Plains Indians War.
  • JUNE 26, 1541- Francisco Pizarro, the Governor of Peru and the man who conquered the Inca civilization was assassinated by Spanish rivals in Lima. One of the most famous conquistadors of his time, he had allied with Diego de Almagro when he heard of the great wealth of the Incas. However after two unsuccessful expeditions, Pizarro secured a guarantee that he and not Almagro  would become Governor as well as receive most of the expedition's profits. In 1541, Almagro's followers hired a group of men to kill Pizarro and shortly afterwards, Almagro's son was proclaimed Governor of Peru.
  • JUNE 27, 1939- One of the most famous scenes in film history is shot featuring Vivian Leigh and Clark Gable. The film was Gone With the Wind, the line "Frankly my Dear, I don't give a damn." The scene was alternately shot without the word "damn" in case the censors wouldn't allow the curse. The film would be released on December 15, 1939 after two and a half years in production. It would go on to be nominated for over twelve Oscars, winning nine of those nominations including Best Picture.

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